A brief history of Copenhagen
1000s – The first settlement.
1443 - Copenhagen replaces Roskilde as the capital city of Denmark.
1449 - Copenhagen celebrates its first coronation as the nation’s capital, for King Christian I.
1479 -Copenhagen University founded.
1583 - The world's oldest amusement park, Bakken, opens for business. Located just north of the city, you can still enjoy it today.
1588-1648 – Copenhagen’s most remarkable buildings are built during the reign of King Christian IV, including Rosenborg Castle, the Round Tower, the Old Stock Exchange, Copenhagen’s canals and Kastellet (The Old Citadel).
1658 – The Swedes besiege Copenhagen.
1700s – Most of the old medieval city is destroyed by fires during different decades.
1775 – Royal Copenhagen Porcelain founded.
1801-1807 - The British attack Copenhagen.
1830-1840 - Vesterbro, Nørrebro and Østerbro become a part of Copenhagen.
1843 - Tivoli Gardens amusement park founded at the city’s West Gate (Vesterport).
1847 - Carlsberg Brewery founded. The original site will soon be a Carlsberg Experience Centre.
1847 – Copenhagen Central Station (Hovedbanegården) built.
1863 - Copenhagen’s first tram, the first of its kind in Europe. Trams disappeared from city life in 1972.
1875 - Hans Christian Andersen, the world famous fairytale writer, dies in Copenhagen. You can visit his grave in Assisten's Churchyard (Assitens Kirkegaard).
1905 - Copenhagen City Hall (Rådhuset) is completed.
1905 - The first Pølsevogn (Sausage cart) established in Copenhagen.
1910 – Copenhagen opens its first bike path separated from road traffic.
1913 - The Little Mermaid statue is unveiled.
1925 – Copenhagen Airport opens for business.
1940-1945 – Copenhagen and Denmark occupied by the Nazis during WWII.
1962 - The world’s longest pedestrian shopping street, Strøget, is inaugurated for happy shoppers.
2000 – The impressive Oresund Bridge, joining Denmark and Sweden, opens.
2002 – Copenhagen’s first metro line welcomes passengers.
2004 – The distinctive new Opera opens on the waterfront.
2008 - British lifestyle magazine Monocle ranks Copenhagen as the best city in the world to live in.
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History of Copenhagen: King Christian IV
King Christian IV was arguably Copenhagen's most influential city planner! Many of Copenhagen's most famous buildings were built during this reign (1588-1648).