The history of Denmark
Gallery reference view
Crown Jewels, Rosenborg Castle
Facebook Fan Photo: Barbara ChaChula
Holger Danske, Kronborg
Tollundmanden, Silkeborg museum
Vikings at Moesgaard beach
A Viking ship, Jelling
c. 12500 BC - The first hunters inhabit Danish lands.
3900 BC - Basic society built on agriculture and animal husbandry.
400-700 - Urbanisation begins.
866-867 - Viking conquest of York, which becomes the Viking capital of England.
c.965 - Introduction of Christianity to Denmark.
1015-1034 - England under Danish rule.
1397-1523 - The Kalmar Union, uniting Denmark with Norway ( including Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney and Iceland) and Sweden (including Finland).
1479 - Founding of Copenhagen University.
1536 - The Reformation, Norway incorporated into Denmark.
1660-1661 - Introduction of absolutism – the absolute power of the monarchy to rule.
1666-1917 - Danish colonies created in the Caribbean.
1807 - Bombing of Copenhagen by the English navy.
1814 - Norway’s departure from the Union.
1848 - Abolition of absolutism.
1849 - First liberal constitution, the June Constitution.
1864 - Loss of the German duchies.
1914-1918 - Danish neutrality during the First World War.
1915 - Constitutional reform, enfranchisement of women.
1920 - North-Schleswig vote in favour of reunion with Denmark.
1940-1945 - German occupation during WWII.
1945 - Founding membership of the UN.
1949 - Membership of NATO.
1973 - Membership of the EEC.
1993 - Membership of the EU.
2011 - First female Prime Minster in office.
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