The History of Denmark
Gallery reference view
Crown Jewels, Rosenborg Castle
Facebook Fan Photo: Barbara ChaChula
Holger Danske, Kronborg
Tollundmanden, Silkeborg museum
Vikings at Moesgaard beach
A Viking ship, Jelling
Interested in the history of Denmark? Danish history is rich and vivid. Filled with royalty, Vikings and battles with neighboring Scandinavian countries. In this bullet point you will get a brief overview of the history of Denmark, with some of the major turning points in the history of Denmark and the Danish people. From 12500 BC to 2011 the history of Denmark is remarkable with major turning points such Viking conquests, introduction to Christianity, creation of the second oldest University in all of Scandinavia, Danish colonization, constitutional reform and membership in NATO and European Union.
History of Denmark overview
c. 12500 BC - The first hunters inhabit Danish lands.
3900 BC - Basic society built on agriculture and animal husbandry.
400-700 - Urbanisation begins.
866-867 - Viking conquest of York, which becomes the Viking capital of England.
c.965 - Introduction of Christianity to Denmark.
1015-1034 - England under Danish rule.
1397-1523 - The Kalmar Union, uniting Denmark with Norway ( including Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney and Iceland) and Sweden (including Finland).
1479 - Founding of Copenhagen University.
1536 - The Reformation, Norway incorporated into Denmark.
1660-1661 - Introduction of absolutism – the absolute power of the monarchy to rule.
1666-1917 - Danish colonies created in the Caribbean.
1807 - Bombing of Copenhagen by the English navy.
1814 - Norway’s departure from the Union.
1848 - Abolition of absolutism.
1849 - First liberal constitution, the June Constitution.
1864 - Loss of the German duchies.
1914-1918 - Danish neutrality during the First World War.
1915 - Constitutional reform, enfranchisement of women.
1920 - North-Schleswig vote in favour of reunion with Denmark.
1940-1945 - German occupation during WWII.
1945 - Founding membership of the UN.
1949 - Membership of NATO.
1973 - Membership of the EEC.
1993 - Membership of the EU.
2011 - First female Prime Minster in office.
Read more about The History of Denmark.