The many lives of the museum building
The area, known as the Oksbøl Camp, used to house a Danish military camp of approx. 4 km2. During the German occupation, the camp was taken over by the Germans and used for their troops. As the war came closer to its end, German refugees where sent to Denmark and when the occupation ended, the Danes took over to responsibility for the refugees. The, at that time, 250,000 German refugees lived in larger camps throughout Denmark, including in the Oksbøl Camp, which housed 36,000 people, making it the then 5th largest “town” in Denmark.
The museum building itself was a military hospital and followingly a hospital for the refugees. It served as such till the end of the 1940s and the rest of the camp was removed in the 1950s. The remaining hospital building has been reimagined by renowned Danish architects, Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG).