History of Copenhagen

A brief history of Copenhagen

Get to know Denmark's historical capital city with this brief history of Copenhagen. From the first settlement over 1,000 years ago to Copenhagen as we know it, see the biggest events and key people that have shaped the history of Copenhagen.

1000s – The first settlement.

1160-67 – Copenhagen founded by Bishop Absalon, counsellor to King Valdemar I. Slotsholmen fortress is built to protect the new city.

1443 - Copenhagen replaces Roskilde as the capital city of Denmark.

1449 - Copenhagen celebrates its first coronation as the nation’s capital, for King Christian I.

1479 -Copenhagen University founded.

Share this page

History of Copenhagen: Tivoli Gardens

The iconic Tivoli was founded in 1843, outside the city's West Gate (Vesterport). So when it opened, Tivoli was actually outside the city gates!

History of Copenhagen: King Christian IV

King Christian IV was arguably Copenhagen's most influential city planner! Many of Copenhagen's most famous buildings were built during this reign (1588-1648).

History of Copenhagen: Strøget

When it was finished in 1962, Strøget, at the heart of Copenhagen, was the world's longest pedestrianised shopping street.